MEDICAL CENTRE MOSCOW
The new Medical Centre in Moscow will be situated on the grounds of an historically significant villa surrounded by a grove of oak trees. It was a challenge to SEED architects and Van den Berg Group add a new medical facility with a size of 12.000 m² GFA preserving the quality of mansion and the woods.
A RESPECTFUL MEDICAL CENTRE IN AN OAK GROVE SURROUNDING AN HISTORICAL VILLA
The design solution was to provide a respectful treatment architecturally towards the historic mansion, a respectful treatment of the woods by retaining as much of the existing oak trees as possible and a respectful treatment of the patients and staff by designing a pleasant hospital to stay in. This was achieved by creating a U-shaped form with a modest façade which embraces the monumental villa and a 1 layer block in between connecting the mansion and new hospital.
The narrow 16m building block width allows for plentiful daylight penetration and views into the surrounding landscape. Many oak trees are preserved by placing the majority of parking underground. Only essential parking bays for taxi’s and ambulances are located on the surface.
The façade of the new medical centre is composed of vertical fins with a wave effect that is inspired by the veins of leaves or blood vessels: a subtle reference to the function of the building on one hand and integrating the building into the surrounding trees on the other hand. In contrast with this, the main entrance façade in the connecting middle block is accentuated by a light natural stone cladding.
The building as a whole does have two ground floors: the under ground floor connecting the main entrance easily to the street level and the upper ground floor connecting the ground floor level of the mansion to the terrace of the middle block. At both ground floor levels the outpatient clinics are found. The 2 levels above give mainly space to the treatment departments, the nurse wards and some supporting departments.
By turning the mansion into a restaurant, supported by the terrace with a somewhat colonial atmosphere, it can also be used independently from the hospital.
The footprint of the building has been reduced by designing 5 levels. All the cars can park under the building. In this way only the less valuable trees had to be cut. The construction method was chosen in such a way that during the construction phase the water supply for the adjacent trees was guaranteed. A few trees were new planted after the construction phase.
Using the shade of the trees
Where times are tough during the winter, people consider summer even tougher. The temperature goes high and shading is therefore very important. This is one of the reasons the new building had to remain under the leaves of the woods. They take care of a lot of shading and cooling by moistening the air. The fins of the building also give shade to the building while they don’t disturb the views on the woods.
An investigation has been done of storage of heat in summer and cold in winter could technically be possible. The hospital is a 24/7 facility and the demand for cold and heat is relatively in balance. The ground of the woods allowed to make aquifers in it to store all the energy.
Reuse the mansion
The mansion was found in a deplorable state. Giving the historical villa a new function will sustain its life. The floor height was rather low so the interior was completely reshaped. The new atmosphere will be determined by a combination of old and new, always fine for an interesting interior.
|12.700 m² GFA, 30 BEDS, 4 OPERATING ROOMS